Habitat Management - Kanha Tiger Reserve

Regular improvement/ restoration of wildlife habitats in the Kanha national park is a very important conservation practice.  Different wildlife habitats in the protected area sustain thousands of wild ungulates that in turn support species of carnivores, including several endangered species.  Past history of forest management, anthropogenity of grasslands, total rainfall and its pattern, ecological succession and natural intricacies have a strong bearing on the vegetal status of these wildlife habitats. The stated objectives of conservation and management of the core zone include increasing population growth of the endangered hard ground barasingha that depends exclusively on grasslands and to manage the over-all diversity of wildlife habitats, including grasslands/ meadows, and ensuring equitable distribution of water for supporting a good prey base for carnivores, specially tigers. In this way, managerial interventions become all the more important to reverse or stabilize degradation/ regression of wildlife habitats. The Kanha management has undertaken the following main habitat management practices in the core zone:

  • Lantana eradication
  • Weed eradication
  • Brushwood (invading trees) eradication
  • Improvement of reclaimed village areas